Patent enables its owners to exclude from making, using and selling its inventions.
The term of patent is for twenty years (20), provided the maintenance fee is paid at the end of every year.
Patent laws are territorial, a separate patent must be obtained in each country. Indian patent office protects invention only filed in India.
Only inventions are patentable. An invention must be new, useful and must involve inventive steps compared to closest prior art. A new and unobvious product, process, apparatus or composition of matter will generally be patentable.
Patentability search is a search for invention in hope of not finding the invention. The patentability search is an universal concept since inventions cannot be boundary constraint. But it is to be noted that the patent laws are territorial. Computer databases search is quick and relatively inexpensively. Database searches are most useful in searching sophisticated inventions, which can be described by precise, well-known terms of art. They are much less useful in searching mechanical gadget type inventions. No search will "guarantee" the patentability of any invention. The object is to make a reasonable assessment of the prospects for obtaining worthwhile patent protection. Search results are also useful in preparing a patent application.
To conduct a search the description, drawings or photographs of the invention, showing how it is made, operated and used would be helpful. Further details of any known prior art; a summary of the prior art's shortcomings; an explanation of how these are overcome by the invention; a list of any other advantages of the invention; and, details of any possible variants or modifications that could be made without departing from the general concept of the invention.
An application for obtaining a patent can be made by a true and first inventor who holds the rightful ownership in the invention due to fact that he invented the same or by any person who is an assignee/legal representative of the first and true inventor. Also a legal heir of the first and true inventor can apply for patent in case of the death of the true and first inventor.
The date of priority is the date on which the patent application either with provisional specification or with complete specification is filed at the patent office.
Initially, a patent examiner examines the patent applications and then communicates the objections, if any, to the applicant via first examination report. The applicant has to meet up with the compliance of the patent office within specific time frame, if the applicant fails in doing so the application shall be abandoned. Otherwise the application is published in the patent gazettes issued by the patent office. The said published application is open public perusal and opposition. If there is no opposition the patent shall be granted.
Prior Informed Consent is a consent sought from the innovator and/or inventor and/or knowledge holder to develop, protect, explore, commercialized ones innovation. PIC document may be of different types each defining the scope of rights imparted to exploit the innovation.
PCT abbreviated, from the Patent Cooperation Treaty. PCT is an International treaty, which provides facility to the applicant to file a single patent application and designate the countries in which he/she wants to protect his IP rights. Thus a single patent application is filed for the purpose of an international search report and to claim the priority date in all the designated countries. After receiving the international examination report, the applicant has to file a request in each designated country to take on record his/her application and this is called national phase of a patent application. A PCT application also provides an international filing date through a single patent application. India is a member country to PCT.